Before finding out how to write a research proposal, let’s find out what it is first. According to the most reputable academic sources, a research proposal that contains a detailed description of the proposed research with information on any prior researches and studies completed. A research proposal is usually handed in together with an application for a scholarship or research grant. The proposal serves a very distinctive topic of letting the board know that the applicant has put enough effort and time into preliminary research in their area of interest and know exactly what they can offer to the scientific community besides a generic description of a broad section of science.
There is no fixed guideline for writing a research proposal for one simple reason: over the course of the research the direction of the study can change multiple times, which makes it nearly impossible to predict the outcome of the research. However, even though the board doesn’t have an established guideline for evaluating your research proposal, the work you present should still meet a number of important criteria:
- You have identified a relevant scientific problem
- You can conduct the research on a realistic schedule and budget
- You have the theoretical background and methodology required for solving the problem
Only when you are positive your research proposal can meet all three criteria, you can move on to the writing itself. Consult your instructor for specific guidelines on writing and formatting the work, as they can differ from institution to institution.