What Types of Sentences Exist?

When we speak or write, we always use sentences. They shape our thoughts and allow others to understand what we are trying to render. Depending on our goals and the effect we want our words to have on others, there are four types of sentences:

  • Declarative;
  • Interrogative;
  • Imperative;
  • Exclamatory.

All of them allow us to clearly render our thoughts and express ideas in the best way. Using all of these sentences will make your essay writing more interesting and vivid. To master all of them you will need to understand the peculiarities of every sentence type. Below we will introduce you to all of them!

Declarative sentences

Declarative sentences are the core of any text. Their main goal is to render information. Such sentences are punctuated with a full stop. For example:

  • I love my family.
  • She went home.
  • Michael wants to eat pizza but he doesn’t have money to order it.

As you see, such sentences make a certain statement. Declarative sentences may be simple (as in the first two examples) or compound (as in the third one). They can also be indifferent tenses because their only feature is to render information.



Interrogative sentences

Interrogative sentences are responsible for asking questions. These questions are direct, so they always end with a question mark. For example:

  • Why is the sky blue?
  • Whose phone is that?
  • Will she keep all the cookies?

Most of the interrogative sentences start with words like ‘Why’ or ‘Who’ but there are also yes/no questions, which start with a verb and not with a noun. 

Exclamatory sentences

Exclamatory sentences are similar to declarative ones because they also make a certain statement and not ask a question. However, they are responsible for rendering a strong message (an emotion). Such sentences are quite easy to distinguish because they always end with an exclamation mark and not with a period:

  • I ordered French fries, not a salad!
  • She is such a great singer!
  • My brother won a silver medal!

You may have noticed that all of the above examples consist of a subject and a verb. These are common requirements for a full sentence.

You can find exclamatory sentences in regular conversations and dialogues when participants want to show their feelings. However, such sentences are not too common in formal academic writing. If you are working on a research paper or a thesis, it is better to stick to declarative sentences.

Imperative sentences

The fourth type of sentence is an imperative one. Instead of stating a certain fact it tells someone to do something. This can be polite advice, formal instruction or even a command. For example:

  • Please, close the window.
  • Turn right at the crossroad.
  • Stop wasting my time!

Most imperative sentences end with a full stop but if you want to show demands or emotions, it is possible to use an exclamation mark. It is quite simple to distinguish imperative sentences because they lack a subject. Remember that such sentences are second-person.

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How to use different types of sentences in your papers

Declarative sentences are definitely the most common type of sentences. But using only this type can make your writing dull and boring. Take a look at the following example:

I will teach you how to draw a picture. It is easy to make and you may get addicted once you master main techniques. The simple steps below will be of great help.

As you already know, the sentences above are all declarative ones but together they seem flat and boring. What will happen if you combine several types of sentences? Here is an example:

Are you willing to learn how to draw? It is very easy but you need to be careful! It can be really addictive once you master the main techniques. Follow our guidelines with pay for homework to get started.

As you see, this example contains different types of sentences and the passage becomes more interesting to read. Such an approach can be used in most types of assignments, where the casual tone is appropriate.

However, when your writing should be formal it is better to stick to declarative sentences and dilute them with other types from time to time.


Choosing which types of sentences to use greatly depends on your goals and intentions. They may include:

  • Providing collected information or answering questions. Use declarative sentences;
  • Asking direct questions. Use interrogative sentences;
  • Telling others what to do. Use imperative sentences;
  • Showing emotions. Use exclamatory sentences.

Trust us, your writing will become much better if you learn how to use all of these types of sentences. To become even more proficient, you can try and vary the structure of your sentences using simple, complex and compound constructions.

Too simple or too long sentences may cost you interest in the reader. Good luck!